> Grammar > 3. Adjectives

3. Adjectives

3.1. Characteristics
3.3. Declensions of adjectives
3.4. Adjectival comparison

3.2. Types of adjectives

Laefèvæšii has three types of adjectives:


> question word: what, what kind of (vréumï)

> they named:
   - colour (white)
   - form (triangle)
   - measure (wide)
   - materiality (wooden)
   - weather condition (clear)
   - condition (healthy)
   - the speaker's judgement of quality (nice) Definite and indefinite form

Qualitative adjectives have two forms – definite and indefinite. Indefinite form is the basic form.

Definite form can be made in two ways:
> instead of ending for qualitative adjective, the ending for relational adjectives is used
> before the qualitative adjective, the characteristic-definite article is placed (the adjective remains qualitative adjective)

The usage of the definite form is possible when:
> we're talking about already known characteristic of a noun
> the adjective marks a special type of the element, before whose name is placed
> the adjective stands after demonstrative and/or possessive pronouns

FORMING from nouns: the noun lost its last letter or ending and it's replaced by the adjectival ending

FORMING from verbs: instead of verbal ending, the adjectival ending is used.


> question word: which (kárelï)

> they named:
   - classification/ranging of the element into a group of the same/similar (relational) elements (people's/national, first)

Relational adjectives deriving from personal names are written with capital letter.


> question word: whose (alújrï)

> they named:
   - belonging of the element to a being/person (my/mine)
   - belonging of the element to a group (our)

Possessive adjectives deriving from personal names are written with capital letter.
Instead of possessive adjectives, the possessive genitive can be used (mum's book = the book of mum).